Sichuan, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Shandong and other places.
The pepper is distributed from the northeast to the south, south to the north slope of Wuling, southeast to Jiangsu and Zhejiang coastal areas, southwest to southeastern Tibet; Taiwan, Hainan and Guangdong are not produced. It is found in the plains from the plain to the high altitude. In Qinghai, there are also sloping fields at an altitude of 2,500 meters.
Zanthoxylum is a small deciduous tree with a height of up to 7 meters; the thorns on the stems have short thorns, and the branches are pubescent. The leaf axis often has narrow leaf wings; the leaflets are opposite, ovate, elliptic, sparsely lanceolate, with finely lobed margins and oily points on the teeth.
The back of the leaf is pilose, and the back of the leaf is reddish-brown. Inflorescences terminal or born at the top of lateral branches, perianth segments yellow-green, roughly the same in shape and size; styles obliquely back. Fruit purple-red, scattered micro-protruding oil spots, flowering period from April to May, fruit period from August to September or October.
1、There are many varieties of Sichuan pepper, the main varieties are: Zhenglu pepper, also known as "South Road pepper", rich in Hanyuan, Xichang, Suining County, Jinyang County and other counties. Green pepper and red pepper in Suining County are planted.
Qingxi and Fulin Townships in Hanyuan County have the reputation of “the hometown of peppers”. The products here are named “Qingxi Pepper” (also known as “Gongjiao”), Fulin Pepper, full of granules and rich and fleshy. The oil is of good quality and the scent is strong. "Dahongpao pepper", also known as "West Road pepper", is produced in Wenchuan, Jinchuan, Pingwu and other places. This pepper is large red, thick and oily, and is excellent in scent, hence the name "Dahongpao". In addition, there are “Xiaolujiao”, “Jinyang Pepper”, “Red Pepper”, “
Gaojiaojiao, "green pepper", "wild pepper", "smelly pepper", etc. are all seasoning products. Sichuan is the main producing area of Sichuan pepper.
2、Shaanxi Fengxian Huajiao, Fengxian County is the hometown of Chinese peppers named by the State Forestry Administration. Fengxian pepper is also the official protection product of Dahongpao pepper originated by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine. In January 2005, the State Forestry Administration officially named Fengxian as “the hometown of Chinese pepper”. Due to its unique geographical climate, Fengxian County’s “Dahongpao” pepper, which is produced in Fengxian County, is famous for its large size, bright color, rich flavor, thick flesh, small stems and small ears. pepper". In recent years, Fengxian has taken the “Dahongpao” Fengjiao as a characteristic leading industry, and now has a scale of 30 million plants. Shaanxi is also one of the main producing areas of Chinese pepper.
3、Guizhou pepper (scientific name: Zanthoxylum esquirolii Levl.) is a deciduous tree of the genus Rutaceae and Zanthoxylum. It is 15 meters high and has a stud-like stem. The pith of the year is very large, and all parts are hairless. Leaves have small leaves; neatly opposite, narrowly lanceolate or suborbate at base of rachis, apically long and apically apically apically septately lanceately lanceolately lanceolately lanceolately lanceolately lanceolate lanceolate lanceolate lanceolate lanceolate lanceolate lanceolate Gray-white powder cream, inflorescences terminal, many flowers, petals yellowish white, fruit petals pale reddish brown, flowering from August to September, results from October to December.
It is distributed in Yunnan, China, and is located in all parts of the Yangtze River (except Jiangsu and Anhui). It was born in the mountainous forest of 500-1 500 meters above sea level.
Root bark and bark are used as herbs. Weixin, bitter, and flat. One said that there is a small poison. There are rheumatism, Tongjingluo, Huoxue, Sanyu effect, treatment of rheumatism and bone pain, bruises and swelling. Taiwan residents are used to treat heat stroke and catch a cold. In Zhejiang, its dry bark or root bark is called “Pang Tingpi”. However, there are also bark called pepper pomegranate. In Guangzhou, the medicinal sea paulownia skin is also used as the sea paulownia in addition to the dragon bud flower of the genus Eucalyptus. Guizhou is also one of the main producing areas of Chinese pepper.
4、Shandong pepper is mainly distributed in the middle of Luzhong Mountain, and Laiwu is the largest distribution center of pepper. Shandong pepper is not enough, but the taste is fragrant, and the granules are red, which is one of the main producing areas of Chinese pepper.